EUROSAI. Magazine N26 - 2021

Magazine No. 26 - 2021 129 Studies and other articles Kazakhstan is located in the center of the Eurasian continent, and characterized by a huge species, genetic, ecosystem and landscape biodiversity. These complexes are quite unique, starting from deserts to high mountains and ending with ecosystems of the seas. Kazakhstan is represented by a full range of subzonal variants of vegetation steppes, deserts and mountain belts characteristic of the Central Asian region. At the same time, more than 75% occupy arid and subhumid territories, they contain more than 40% of the species composition of the entire biological diversity of the country. Unfortunately, Kazakhstan has developed an unfavorable, and in some regions a crisis environmental situation. Our country has inherited a heavy burden of environmental problems: soil degradation, depletion and pollution of the atmosphere, regional man-made desertification, afforestation, reduction of biological diversity and destruction of the genetic fund of wildlife, the accumulation of dangerous and toxic waste, the intensification of life-threatening natural phenomena and industrial disasters. The development of industrial production has led to a sharp increase in the capacity of enterprises, energy consumption, and resources, which has led to an increase in the amount of waste that pollutes the environment and the depletion of water resources. According to the Environmental Performance Index 2020 (EPI), Kazakhstan ranks 128th in terms of biodiversity conservation among 180 countries, and 113th among 180 countries in terms of biodiversity and terrestrial ecosystem conservation, according to the UN Sustainable Development Report 2020 (Energy Prom). World experience shows that the Government should include environmental issues in other policies, and public organizations should include environmental issues in their strategic target programs. Also, to evaluate new and existing activities through a staterun audit, the so-called environmental audit, and a joint one in several countries with a single ecosystem. Environmental audits are widely used in Canada, the United Kingdom, Sweden, the United States, the Netherlands, and other industrialized countries. The eco-audit is designed to help the population obtain objective information about the degree of danger Supreme Audit Institution of Kazakhstan THE ROLE OF THE STATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL AUDIT OF PREVENTING GLOBAL CHANGES AND PRESERVING BIODIVERSITY